Learn the Arabic letter Sheen

You will also see this letter transliterated as Shiin.


The Arabic letter Sheen is a Sun Letter.

It follows the same basic shape of Seen but with three dots on top.

How the Arabic letter Sheen is written

How the Arabic letter Sheen is pronounced

Sheen represents the English sound SH in “Shell” which has an unvoiced sound which is created by forcing air between a wide groove in the center of the front of the tongue and the back of the tooth ridge. The sides of the blade of the tongue may touch the side teeth. The lips are kept slightly tense, and may protrude somewhat during the production of the sound.

Basic Sample words of Sheen in different states

Sheen is connectable to both sides. It takes these three forms depending on its position in the word:


Word examples using the Arabic letter Sheen with diacritics

Sheen should only represent a soft sound when it comes with fatha. But most MSA speakers might pronounce the Sheen in some words with a gruff sound.


Sheen with a fatha: ( شَـ ) ( ـشَـ ) has a soft sound like:

– Sha in Shadow

– tio in Condition


Or it can have a gruff sound like Sha in Shark or Shaft


Sheen with a kasra: ( شِـ ) ( ـشِـ ) sounds like:

– Shi in Ship

– ssio in Mission


Sheen with a damma: ( شُـ ) ( ـشُـ ) sounds like:

– Sho in Shoe or Shop

– chu in Brochure


Sheen with sokoon: ( ـشْـ ) ( ـشْ ) sounds like:

– sh in Mushroom

– sh in Cash or Fish


Seen ( س ) and Sheen ( ش ) are shape-mates. And they also look a bit like the next two letters Saad ( ص ) and Daad ( ض ).


The Initial form of Seen ( ســ ) looks like a toothbrush. And the Initial form of Sheen ( شــ ) seems like a toothbrush with some toothpaste on!
The word toothbrush means in Arabic “فرشَــاة أسْــنان” (forrshaat assnaan) and it contains both letters.


Suggested for you

Arabic Alphabet Chart pdf download

Learn about diacritics/Tashkeel

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