Learn the Arabic letter Ghayn

You will also see this letter transliterated as 3’ayn.


The Arabic letter Ghayn is a Moon Letter.

It follows the same basic shape of Ayn but with a dot on top.

How the Arabic letter Ghayn is written

How the Arabic letter Ghayn is pronounced

Like Ayn ( ع ) you really have to train yourself to learn how to pronounce Ghayn. It is a gargling sound produced from the back of the throat.

The sound is similar to the r sound found in French.
Because of this “alien” sound, in many sources you will find the letter Ghayn represented by 3’.

Basic Sample words of Ghayn in different states

Ghayn is connectable to both sides. It takes these three forms depending on its position in the word:


Word examples using the Arabic letter Ghayn with diacritics

Ghayn should always represent a gruff sound.


Ghayn with a fatha: ( غَـ ) ( ـغَـ ).
A lot of new students pronounce it with a soft sound close to Ga in “Gap” but it is supposed to be pronounced with a gruff sound close to “Gun” or “Burger”.


Ghayn with a kasra: ( غِـ ) ( ـغِـ ) sounds close to Give or Forget.


Ghayn with a damma: ( غُـ ) ( ـغُـ ) sounds close to Goal or Dragon.


Ghayn with sokoon: ( ـغْـ ) ( ـغْ ) : sounds close to Bugs or Big.


Ayn ( ع ) and Ghayn ( غ ) are shape-mates.
The connected forms of Ayn ( ـع ) ( ـعـ ) and Ghayn ( ـغ ) ( ـغـ ) might look a bit similar to the connected forms of Hha( ـح ) ( ـحـ ) and Kha ( ـخ ) ( ـخـ ) in some fonts.


Ayn ( ع ) and Ghayn ( غ ) look like a reversed number 3.


Suggested for you

Arabic Alphabet Chart pdf download

Learn about diacritics/Tashkeel

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